Queue discharge-based emergency vehicle traffic signal preemption

TitleQueue discharge-based emergency vehicle traffic signal preemption
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsObrusník, Vít, Ivo Herman, and Zdeněk Hurák
Conference LocationBerlin, Germany

In this paper, we document a novel method for emergency vehicle preemption at an intersection controlled by traffic lights. The method relies on wireless vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communication between the emergency vehicle and the traffic lights controller, availability of an accurate estimate of the number of vehicles in the queue, and a mathematical model of dynamics of discharging of the queue. Unlike some occasionally deployed methods that trigger the preemption the instant that the emergency vehicle appears at a prespecified distance from the intersection, the proposed method adapts the activation moment to the actual traffic conditions so that the preemption is as short as possible, thus reducing the impact on the other traffic. The method has been finetuned using numerical simulations in SUMO simulator and experimentally verified in real urban traffic.


21th IFAC World Congress

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